Electric motors are mechanically simple devices with a relatively small number of moving parts. This, combined with their low vibration output, makes electric motors very reliable power supplies if used properly and within their specified ratings limits. In applications where either electric or combustion motors are viable options, the electric motor is often the more reliable solution.
When compared to a combustion engine, electric motors have very few moving parts. An average electric motor will consist of around 20 components, while the combustion engine contains upwards of 200 different moving parts.
The reduced number of moving parts means that fewer components in an electric motor experience wear over the life of the device. The reduced wear means that the motor’s individual components last longer. This leads to improved reliability and reduced maintenance, especially when compared to a combustion motor. That isn’t to say that an electric motor will last forever, just that the likelihood of a failure or repair is reduced.
The reduced number of moving parts makes it easier to pinpoint areas of potential failure within an electric motor. By paying careful attention to the condition of the motor’s wear items and replacing or reconditioning them when necessary will help to avoid a total failure.
The components of an electric motor that experience the most wear include:
Each of these components is relatively inexpensive and easy to replace or repair upon failure. This ease of maintenance and low-cost repair are also key factors in the reliability of an electric motor.
Read our previous post titled “What Are Gear Motors?” for more information on how a gearbox or gear reduction can give you more speed control and torque.
The reliability of electric motors makes them an ideal solution for many everyday applications like appliances and consumer goods, as well as being ideal for many of our clients’ more specialized applications, such as food and beverage equipment, security equipment, automatic door openers, and pumps/fluid handling.